Human needs tend to increase daily, and these needs lead us to overcome every challenge which is thrown our way every day. The psychologist, Abraham Maslow described human needs into five categories and according to him, humans, our actions motivate us to achieve our basic needs.
What is Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs?
Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is a motivational theory in psychology comprising a five-tier model of human needs, often depicted as hierarchical levels within a pyramid. The lowest requirement in the hierarchy must be satisfied before moving to higher levels. The Five Basic needs from bottom to top are:
1. Physiological Needs: Food, Water, Shelter, Sleep, Excretion, etc.
2. Safety Needs: a sense of security of the self, laws, order, policies, job-safety, etc.
3. Belongingness and Love Needs: Strong Bonds, Love relationships.
4. Esteem Needs: self-confidence, respect, good reputation, etc.
5. Self Actualisation: morality, spontaneity, and acceptance.
Now let’s check some daily life examples of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs.
1. Breathing, Eating, and Drinking
Imagine a world without oxygen for 5 seconds; every very living organism will start dying. Oxygen is an essential requirement for the survival of all living beings. Along with breathing, eating and drinking are essential for staying healthy. Food and water are necessary and basic requirements to lead a healthy and satisfactory life. Air, food, and water come under physiological needs, which are to be satisfied before any other need.
2. Cleansing, Dressing, and Elimination
Likewise eating and drinking, elimination is a necessary and integral part of our daily life activities, though it is regarded as a highly private activity. Along with elimination, bathing and dressing are also necessary to fulfill our basic needs. A well-dressed employee with tied up hair and right clothes is more appreciated than to undressed employee.
3. Employment and Job safety
Countries like South Africa and India has many unemployed citizens living in their countries. Even many graduates are sitting in their homes without any job. Employment is the basic need of any individual to earn a livelihood and satisfy his other basic needs. Also, a secured career is the dream of every employee who has worked hard and has spent a lot of money in his studies. For example, being fired and not having savings can make our safety needs very difficult to complete or fulfill.
4. Salary and Stable Environment
Every employee has a need that he/she expects to achieve in his/her workplace. Salary and a safe working environment is the first basic need of every employee. Everyone is working for long hours for earning some bucks by which they can fulfill their physical as well as other needs.
5. Family and Friends
Perfect family relationships and friendships are what an individual hope for. Not having a good family relationship, support from loved ones and good friends can make the individual feel lonely, which will not help him to satisfy his needs of love and belongingness. To avoid problems such as loneliness, depression, and anxiety, it is important for people to feel loved and accepted by other people. Personal relationships with friends, family, and lovers play an important role, as does involvement in other groups that might include religious groups, sports teams, book clubs, and other group activities.
6. Pensions and Benefits
We have seen our grandparents getting pension monthly. Getting a pension makes them feel independent. Hence, benefits like pensions are an important part of the social needs, which make the individual satisfied physically as well as emotionally.
7. Job Titles and Recognition
Having a good job title and recognition of an individual increase his respect in work as well in his society. A good job title leads to a rise in his worth. People who are able to satisfy the esteem needs by achieving good self-esteem and the recognition of others tend to feel confident in their abilities. A person stuck on this level will be motivated to work towards increasing all these factors; their actions will be influenced by their need for esteem, i.e. they will be motivated towards performing such tasks that will increase their own self-esteem, as well as the respect they receive from others.
8. Academic Results
When a student is motivated and appreciated, he/she tends to increase his/her academic performances as compared to the less motivated student. An excellent academic result will increase her recognition in the school and society which will increase the confidence, respect, and esteem of the student.
9. Acceptance and Creativity
Life is not about making more money, having a luxurious home and family; it’s about knowing our self. A human being feels most satisfied when he understands he owns personal potential. It comes under self-actualization in which a person understands his core strengths. For instance, one person might feel self-actualization by their very important job at NASA, while another can achieve self-actualization teaching children in a small town. Everyone has different dreams, and it doesn’t mean you have to become famous to achieve self-actualization. It is about reaching our potentials and understanding our creativity whether it is in becoming a painter, politician or an actor.