There are several compounds we all use in our daily life, and those have become an essential part of our growth and survival. We can found the compounds in our daily life in the food we eat, the water we drink and in the air, we breathe and most of the object we can see, touch and feel.
“A compound is a substance which results from the combination of two or more chemical elements held together by a strong force between them.” Let’s check some compounds that we use in our everyday life.”
Chemical Formula: H2O
Almost no living thing can survive without water. Water is everywhere on our planet. It is the reason we have organic life on earth. A water molecule consists of one oxygen atom combined with two hydrogen atoms. We use water throughout or day and night; in drinking, cooking, household needs, industries, agriculture and in almost every area of life. Therefore, water is the most important compound in our life.
2. Table Salt
Chemical Formula: NaCl
We can find salt on almost every dining table, as the basic ingredient which can be used in so many smart ways other than seasoning your food and is also considered as one of the most effective preservatives. Table salt is a chemical compound made my one atom of sodium joined together with one atom of chlorine held together by an ionic bond. Table salt if 96-99% of NaCl, other 1-4% are impurities or other chemical compounds added to it.
3. Sucrose (Sugar)
Chemical Formula: C12H22O11
Sucrose in the common sugar which again forms the major ingredient in baking and cooking desserts. This is the most natural sweetener used in our homes and sweet shops. Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from where the table sugar is refined. It consists of 12 atoms of carbon, 22 atoms of hydrogen and 11 atoms of oxygen held together by a glycosidic bond.
Chemical Formula: RCOO–Na, Where R is a long chain of carbon atoms ranging from 16-18 in number.
Bathing is considered the first step of our daily routine and we do not feel clean without bathing with soap. Soap is the complex and an ionic compound which consists of a long chain of carbons, oxygen and sodium ions held together by ionic bonds.
Chemical Formula: CaCO3 or NaF
Brushing our teeth is first thought come to our mind after we wake up. We have a variety of toothpaste available in the market; like an anti-cavity, extra whitening, for sensitivity and many more. It is a basic compound which reduces the bacteria present in our mouth.
6. Baking Powder
Chemical Formula: NaHCO3 (Sodium-bi-carbonate ion)
Baking powder is the compound consisting of sodium, hydrogen and carbonate ions. It is used in baking cakes and desserts. It is also used in neutralising stomach acidity.
Chemical Formula: H2O2 (Hydrogen peroxide)
Mouth wash is the antiseptic solution which is used to reduce the antibacterial load in our oral cavity. Hydrogen Peroxide is used to kill bacteria, soothes bleeding gums, sore throat and as a teeth whitener.
8. Nailpaint Remover
Chemical Formula: CH3COCH3 (Acetone)
Nailpaint remover is a widely used cosmetic found in the dressing table of most of the women. It breaks down nail polish, making it easy to remove with a cotton swab or cloth. It is widely used because it can easily mix with water and evaporates quickly in the air. Its chemical name is acetone or propane-ol. It is a colorless liquid.
Chemical Formula: CH3COOH (Ethanoic Acid)
Vinegar is the chemical compound consisting, carboxylic acid. It is widely used as a preservative and for seasoning food and salad. It is also used for cleaning purposes.
Chemical Formula: CH3CH2OH (Ethanol)
Alcohol is an addictive psychoactive drug, widely used nowadays amongst adults and teenagers for drinking purpose. Ethanol is the clear colorless liquid which is widely used in the manufacturing of beer, whisky, wines and so on.. It is also used as an antiseptic in medical wipes and hand sanitizers.
Chemical Formula: C9H8O4 (Acetylsalicylic acid)
Aspirin is the most common medicine name we have heard since childhood. It is used to treat pain, fever and inflammations. Acetylsalicylic acid is the major component of aspirin and many other medicines.